Wednesday, August 31, 2011


The form of an adjective that is used when comparing things. For example:
He is taller than me.
The comparative is formed in different ways according to the length of the base adjective:
■ If it has one syllable, then the letters -er are added.
■ If the word has three syllables or more, then the word ‘more’ is added before the adjective: more attractive.
■ Words of two syllables vary: some add -er and some use ‘more’. Some can do either, for example clever.
The use of ‘more’ and adding -er are alternatives. It is wrong to use both together (e.g. more better).
Spelling: adding -er
■ If the word ends in a consonant, add –er (quick becomes quicker).
■ With words of one syllable with a short vowel sound and ending with a single consonant, double the consonant and add –er (sad becomes sadder).
■ With words of one syllable ending in –I, you normally do not double the l, but cruel becomes crueller.
■ If it ends in ‘e’, add –r (late becomes later).
■ If it ends in ‘y’, change the ‘y’ to an ‘i’ and add –er (happy becomes happier).
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