Tuesday, November 22, 2011

PARTS OF SPEECH



Parts of Speech Table

This is a summary of the 8

parts of speech*. You can

find more detail if you click

on each part of speech.

part of speech

function or "job"

example words

example sentences

Verb

action or state

(to) be, have, do, like, work,

sing, can, must

EnglishClub.com is a web

site. I like EnglishClub.com.

Noun

thing or person

pen, dog, work, music, town,

London, teacher, John

This is my dog. He lives in my

house . We live in London .

Adjective

describes a noun

a/an, the, 69, some, good,

big, red, well, interesting

My dog is big . I like big dogs.

Adverb

describes a verb, adjective or

adverb

quickly, silently, well, badly,

very, really

My dog eats quickly. When

he is very hungry, he eats

really quickly.

Pronoun

replaces a noun

I, you, he, she, some

Tara is Indian. She is

beautiful.

Preposition

links a noun to another word

to, at, after, on, but

We went to school on

Monday.

Conjunction

joins clauses or sentences or

words

and, but, when

I like dogs and I like cats. I

like cats and dogs. I like dogs

but I don't like cats.

Interjection

short exclamation,

sometimes inserted into a

sentence

oh!, ouch!, hi!, well

Ouch ! That hurts! Hi! How

are you? Well, I don't know.

* Some grammar sources

categorize English into 9 or 10

parts of speech. At

EnglishClub.com, we use the

traditional categorization of 8

parts of speech. Examples of

other categorizations are:

Verbs may be treated as

two different parts of

speech:

Lexical Verbs (work,

like, run )

Auxiliary Verbs ( be,

have, must )

Determiners may be

treated as a separate

part of speech, instead of

being categorized under

Adjectives


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