Monday, September 19, 2011

CLAUSE AND PHRASE

Clauses consist of a
Subject and Verb and
sometimes a subordinating
conjunction.
Roger went to Japan last
summer.
After he went to Japan, Roger
went to Korea.
Roger is the man who went
to Japan last summer.
Whoever went to Japan had a
great time.
(Independent clause)
(Adverbial clause)
(Relative clause)
(Noun clause)
Phrases are groups of
words without a complete
subject or verb.
After Japan, Roger went to
Korea.
After going to Japan, Roger
went to Korea.
Having gone to Japan, Roger
went to Korea.
(Prepositional phrase)
(Participial phrase)
(Participial phrase)
Some clauses can be
reduced to phrases by
omitting certain words:
The man who is going to
Japan is Roger.
The man going to Japan is
Roger.
"When he was traveling to
Japan, Roger met Lori.
When traveling to Japan,
Roger met Lori.
When he was in Japan, Roger
ate sashimi.
When in Japan, Roger ate
sashimi.
In Japan, Roger ate sashimi.
(Relative clause)
(Reduced )
(Adverbial clause)
(Reduced )
(Adverbial clause)
(Reduced )
(Prepositional phrase)
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